PRG Database: A tool for navigating Le Pontifical Romano-Germanique, ed. Cyrille Vogel & Reinhard Elze

About the PRG Database
This page presents concordance tables to the so-called Romano-German Pontifical (RGP) - also known as Pontifical Romano-Germanique and Pontificale Romano-Germanicum (PRG) - a celebrated edition of early medieval liturgical texts. The original publication to which this database refers is:

Le Pontifical Romano-Germanique du Dixième Siècle, ed. Cyrille Vogel and Reinhard Elze, 3 vols, Studi e Testi 226-7, 269 (Vatican, 1963 & 1972).

Why provide these tables? The 1963 PRG edition contains texts from a diverse group of eleventh-century manuscripts, best described as liturgical compendia: accumulations of texts pertaining to the rituals of the church and their organisation within the church year. While the manuscripts are inherently variant, the edition is relatively rigid. These tables therefore permit a more flexible understanding of the texts and their sources.

How to use the PRG Database
Each row in the left-hand column represents a chapter from the PRG edition (I-XCVIII from Volume 1; XCIX-CCLVIII from Volume II). Each of the other ten columns represents a manuscript source used in the edition, where the numbers represent the order of texts in that manuscript. The ordering of any one source can be prioritised by clicking on the top of a column.

For a sense of the historical limitations of this approach, please see this list of important caveats.

Henry Parkes, January 2013

Group I
Montecassino, Archivio della Badia, Ms. 451C
Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, Cod. D. 5D
Group II
Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Lit. 53B
Eichsätt, Diözesanarchiv, Cod. B. 4G
Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare Feliniana, Cod. 607L
Pistoia, Archivio Capitolare, C. 141K
Group III
Vendôme, Bibliothèque municipale, Cod. 14V
Rome, Biblioteca Universitaria Alessandrina, Cod. 173A
†Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, MS Lat. 820P
Group IV
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Cod. 701T
*London, British Library, Add. 17004J
*Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 555 Helmst. (cat. no. 603)R
Printed edition
*Melchior Hittorp, De divinis catholicae ecclesiae officiis (Cologne, 1568; also 1591, 1610, 1677)Hittorp

*Only used selectively in edition   †Not used in final edition

Chapter is split up in manuscript
*Chapter is duplicated in manuscript
Single black lineA break in chapter sequence relative to the current source under consideration

Concordance table

PRG
C
D
B
G
L
K
V
A
T
J

I. Ad capillos tondendum

II. Oratio ad puerum tonsurandum

III. Prefatio ad clericum faciendum

IV. Oratio ad barbam tondendam

V. Denuntiatio mensis primi quarti septimi et decimi

VI. Item invitatio plebis de ieiunio mensis primi quarti septimi et decimi

VII. De quatuor temporibus ieiuniorum primi quarti septimi et decimi mensis

VIII. Item de quattuor temporibus ieiuniorum quando fiunt duodecim lectiones

IX. Caput de canone Calcedonense

X. Capitulum sancti Gregorii papae

XI. Capitulum Zosimi papae

XII. Capitulum Leonis papae

XIII. Capitulum Clementis papae de oblationibus altaris [De pallis]

XIV. De officiis vii graduum Ysidori capitula

XV. Ordo qualiter in romana aecclesia sacri ordines fiunt

XVI. Ordo qualiter in romana ecclesia presbiteri diaconi vel subdiaconi eligendi sunt

XVII. Orationes pro ipsis ad missam

XVIII. Item missa in natali consecrationis diaconi

XIX. Item in natali consecrationis presbiteri qualiter sibi missas caelebrare debeat

XX. Consecratio sacrae virginis quae in epiphania vel in alvis paschalibus aut in apostolorum nataliciis celebratur

XXI. Item missa in natali virginum

XXII. Ordinatio abbatissae canonicam regulam profitentis

XXIII. Consecratio virginum quae a seculo conversae in domibus suis susceptum castitatis habitum privatim observare voluerint

XXIV. Ad diaconam faciendam

XXV. Consecratio viduae que fuerit castitatem professa

XXVI. Ordinatio abbatis

XXVII. Missa pro abbate

XXVIII. Ordo ad faciendum monachum

XXIX. Ordinatio monachi

XXX. Aliae orationes pro monachis

XXXI. Orationes et preces pro monachis ad missam

XXXII. Ordinatio abbatisse monasticam regulam profitentis

XXXIII. Ordo romanus ad dedicandam ecclesiam

XXXIV. Item benedictio basilicae novae

XXXV. Quid significent duodecim candelae

XXXVI. Canon de aedificanda aecclesia

XXXVII. De oratorio

XXXVIII. Denuntiatio cum reliquiae sanctorum ponendae sunt in atrium

XXXIX. [Preparatio episcopi ad divinum officium]

XL. Ordo ad benedicendam ecclesiam

XLI. Orationes ad missam in dedicatione

XLII. Item alia missa

XLIII. In dedicatione novae ecclesiae ad missam pro conditoribus

XLIV. Missa in dedicatione basilice quam conditor non dedicatam reliquit

XLV. Missa pro dedicatione loci illius ubi prius fuerit synagoga

XLVI. Missa in agenda conditoris ecclesiae

XLVII. In dedicatione altaris

XLVIII. Benedictio super munus quod quis ecclesie offert honori

XLIX. Missa in anniversario dedicationis ecclesiae

L. Reconciliatio violate aecclesiae

LI. Ordo ad benedicendum aecclesiae signum

LII. Ordo in dedicationi baptisterii

LIII. Missa in dedicatione baptisterii

LIV. Consecratio cymiterii

LV. Consecratio loculi vel sepulcri

LVI. Decretum quod clerus et populus firmare debet de electo episcopo

LVII. Item subscriptio episcoporum in electionem episcopi

LVIII. Ex concilio Africano quarto capitulum I

LIX. Epistola vocatoria

LX. Qualiter episcopus debeat ordinari. Ex concilio Niceno, capitulo quarto

LXI. Qua die ordinetur episcopus

LXII. Ordinatio episcopi

LXIII. Qualiter episcopus in romana ecclesia ordinetur

LXIV. Orationes istae dicendae sunt a domno papa super archiepiscopum ante pallium

LXV. Formata episcopo danda

LXVI. Edictum quod dat pontifex episcopo cui benedicit

LXVII. Missa in ordinatione episcopi

LXVIII. Missa episcopi pro se in die ordinationis suae anniversario

LXIX. In natalicio episcopi, si infirmus aut absens fuerit qualiter presbiter missam celebrare debeat pro eo

LXX. Item alia missa in natalicio episcopi

LXXI. Ordo qualiter ordinetur romanus pontifex

LXXII. Incipit ordo ad regem benedicendum quando novus a clero et populo sublimatur in regnum

LXXIII. Sequitur ordo missarum, si in feria evenerit, sed melius honorabilius die dominico

LXXIV. Item alia missa pro rege

LXXV. Incipit ordo romanus ad benedicendum imperatorem quando coronam accipit

LXXVI. Item benedictio ad ordinandum imperatorem secundum occidentales

LXXVII. Missa pro imperatore

LXXVIII. Benedictio reginae

LXXIX. Ordo romanus qualiter concilium agatur generale

LXXX. Item ordo qualiter agatur concilium provinciale

LXXXI. Expositio octo vestium Aaron primi pontificis

LXXXII. Incipit sermo de eadem re tempori synodi ad episcopos

LXXXIII. Alius sermo

LXXXIV. Sermo tertius

LXXXV. Qualiter episcopus excommunicare infideles debeat

LXXXVI. Item alia excommunicationis allocutio

LXXXVII. Item alia excommunicatio

LXXXVIII. Item alia terribilior excommunicatio

LXXXIX. Excommunicatio brevis

XC. Excommunicatio Leonis papae

XCI. Qualiter episcopus reconciliet vel recipiat excommunicatum

XCII. Ordo processionis ad ecclesiam sive missam secundum Romanos

XCIII. Ordo missae a sancto Petro institutus cum expositione sua

XCIV. Incipit expositio totius missae ex concordia scriptuarum divinarum

XCV. Item alia expositio totius missae ex concordia divinarum scripturarum

XCVI. Ex Concilio Toletano V Cap. XVIII

XCVII. Hic incipit qualiter quaedam orationes et cruces in Te igitur agendae sunt

XCVIII. Ordo processionis, si quando episcopus festivis diebus missam celebrare voluerit, ita ut ab antiquis patribus occidentalium institutione est constitutus, hic adesse cernitur scriptus

XCIX. In Christi nomine incipit ordo catholicorum librorum qui in ecclesia romana ponuntur

C. Hec sunt quae a romana sede accepi

CI. [Ordo Romanus XXII fragment: De quadragesima]

CII. [Ordo Romanus III fragment: supplement to Papal Mass]

CIII. De festis sanctorum qualiter aupd romanos celebrentur

CIV. De gradibus romanae ecclesiae

CV. Exorcismus salis ad spargendum in domo

CVI. Benedictio aquae ad reconciliandos penitentes in cena domini

CVII. Ex authentico libro sacramentorum sancti Gregorii papae urbis Rome incipit ordo ad baptizandum infantes

CVIII. Item benedictio aquae ad albas deponendas

CIX. Ordo ad baptizandum infirmum

CX. Ordo ad catecuminum ex pagano faciendum

CXI. De verbis grecis baptisterii quomodo vertantur in latinum

CXII. Sancti Athanasii Alexandrini episcopi expositio fidei catholicae

CXIII. Incipit simbolum apostolorum

CXIV. Impositio manuum super energuminum catezizatum

CXV. Ad succurrendum his qui a demonio vexantur

CXVI. Item orationes et exorcismi super eum qui a demonio

CXVII. Item exorcismus unde supra

CXVIII. Exorcismus sancti Ambrosii

CXIX. Exorcismus sancti Martini episcopi super eos qui a demonio vexantur

CXX. De ieiunio daemoniacis imponendo

CXXI. Missa super daemoniacum

CXXII. Item alia missa

CXXIII. Oratio super liberatum a demonio

CXXIV. Reconciliatio rebaptizati ab hereticis

CXXV. Oratio super eos qui morticinum comederunt

CXXVI. Benedictio cum impositione manuum super eos qui de diversis heresibus veniunt

CXXVII. Reconcilio cum impositione manuum redeuntis a paganis

CXXVIII. Pro fratribus in viam dirigendis

CXXIX. Item benedictiones pro iter acturis

CXXX. Pro redeuntibus de itinere

CXXXI. Pro supervenientibus fratribus

CXXXII. Pro salute unius vivi

CXXXIII. Pro una femina

CXXXIV. Pro salute vivorum

CXXXV. Pro infirmo

CXXXVI. Qualiter sacerdotes suscipere debeant poenitentes more solito

CXXXVII. Missa post confessionem

CXXXVIII. Missa pro infirmo de cuius salute desperatur

CXXXIX. Ordo ad visitandum et unguendum infirmum

CXL. Missa pro infirmo

CXLI. Oratio pro reddita sanitate

CXLII. Item ad consignandum hominem sanum sive infirmum

CXLIII. Ordo ad unguendum infirmum

CXLIV. Item ordo poenitentis ad mortem

CXLV. Item reconciliatio penitentis ad mortem

CXLVI. Mox subsequitur missa quam sacerdos pro sibi confesso canere debet

CXLVII. Item alia missa

CXLVIII. Missa pro infirmo qui proximus est morti

CXLIX. In nomine domini incipit obsequium circa morientes vel qualiter agatur circa infirmum morte detentum

CL. Missa in die depositionis defuncti

CLI. Missa pro defuncto

CLII. Missa in cimiteriis

CLIII. Missa pro episcopo defuncto

CLIV. Missa pro sacerdote defuncto

CLV. Missa unius defuncti

CLVI. Alia missa unius defuncti

CLVII. Missa pro congregatione

CLVIII. Missa plurimorum defunctorum

CLIX. Item alia missa

CLX. Missa in die depositionis tertio septimo et tricesimo

CLXI. Missa in anniversario unius defuncti

CLXII. Missa in anniversario

CLXIII. Missa pro episcopo defuncto

CLXIV. Missa pro sacerdote defuncto

CLXV. Missa pro defuncta femina

CLXVI. Missa plurimorum defunctorum

CLXVII. In agenda conditoris aecclesiae

CLXVIII. In vigilia defunctorum sermo sancti Augustini episcopi

CLXIX. Item lectiones sancti Gregorii in vigilia defunctorum

CLXX. Sermo beati Cecilii Cypriani episcopi

CLXXI. Oratio cum in aliquod opus ordinantur fratres

CLXXII. Oratio cum absolvuntur

CLXXIII. Oratio ad mandatum

CLXXIV. Oratio super eos qui ipsum mandatum adimpleverunt

CLXXV. Oratio super ebdomadarios de coquina egredientes

CLXXVI. Oratio pro his qui ingrediuntur

CLXXVII. Oratio pro ebdomadario lectore

CLXXVIII. Oratio in monasterio

CLXXIX. Oratio in atrio

CLXXX. Benedictio salis communis

CLXXXI. Incipit maior benediccio salis et aque

CLXXXII. Benedictio salis ad oculorum dolorem

CLXXXIII. Incipit maior benedictio salis et aque ad pecora

CLXXXIV. Benedictio panis et salis ad salutem hominum et animalium

CLXXXV. Exorcismus salis et aquae contra fulgora

CLXXXVI. Missa pro tempestate

CLXXXVII. Contra grandines

CLXXXVII. Benedictio aquae cum ligno sanctae crucis

CLXXXIX. Oratio ad visitandos fratres

CXC. Benedictio domus

CXCI. Item benedictio domus

CXCII. Benedictio loci ubi iacueris

CXCIII. Oratio in domo ancillarum dei

CXCIV. Oratio in sacrario

CXCV. In cymiterio

CXCVI. Oratio in vestiario

CXCVII. In scriptorio

CXCVIII. In dormitorio

CXCIX. In refectorio

CC. In cellario

CCI. In coquina

CCII. In hospitali

CCIII. In pirali vel caminata

CCIV. In domo infirmorum

CCV. In area nova

CCVI. In horreo vel granario

CCVII. In pistrino

CCVIII. In lardario

CCIX. In potionario

CCX. In introitu basilicae (monasterii)

CCXI. Oratio post introitum basilicae

CCXII. Benedictio super capsellas et fustes et super eos qui cum his limina ac suffragia sanctorum apostolorum petituri sunt

CCXIII. Benedictio seminum

CCXIV. Benedictio aque pro segetibus contra vermes

CCXV. Benedictio in campo sive in agro quando agitur letania

CCXVI. Item benedictio frugum in agro

CCXVII. Benedictio primitiarum

CCXVIII. Benedictio holerum

CCXIX. Ad omnia quae volueris

CCXX. Benedictio casei in sabbato sancto paschae

CCXXI. Benedictio pomorum in festivitate sancti Iohannis Baptiste

CCXXII. Ad fructum nove arboris

CCXXIII. Benedictio ad fruges novas

CCXXIV. Benedictio panis

CCXXV. Benedictio panis ad eulogias dandi

CCXXVI. Benedictio uvae vel fabe

CCXXVII. Benedictio vini novi

CCXXVIII. Ad agape

CCXXIX. Oratio ante cibum

CCXXX. Orationes super mensam

CCXXXI. Benedictio putei novi

CCXXXII. Benedictio fontis ubi aliqua neglegentia evenerit

CCXXXIII. Super vascula in antiquis locis reperta

CCXXXIV. Benedictio quorumlibet vasorum

CCXXXV. Oratio pro antidoto sumendo

CCXXXVI. Oratio pro diminutione sanguinis

CCXXXVII. Oratio ad lavacrum

CCXXXVII. Benedictio incensi vel thimiamatis

CCXXXIX. Benedictio saponis

CCXL. Oratio in navi

CCXLI. Benedictio retium ad capiendos pisces

CCXLII. Benedictio civitatis contra gentiles

CCXLIII. Benedictio vexilli bellici

CCXLIV. Benedictio ensis noviter succincti

CCXLV. Oratio pro exercitu

CCXLVI. Iudicium ferri ferventis

CCXLVII. De iuditio aquae ferventis quomodo inventum sit

CCXLVIII. Benedictio aquae fluentis ad iudicium faciendum

CCXLIX. Exorcismus et benedictio panis et casei ad securitatem iudicii faciendum et ad inveniendum furtum

CCL. Iudicium panis et casei

CCLI. Item iudicium panis et casei

CCLII. Benedictio aque frigide ad iuditium faciendum

CCLIII. [Ad sponsas benedicendas]

CCLIV. Item actio nuptialis ad annualem diem nuptiarum

CCLV. Oratio in natali genuino

CCLVI. Oratio pro parturiente

CCLVII. Oratio ad missam pro sterilitate mulierum

CCLVIII. Item pro sterilitate mulierum

†XL. Ordo ad benedicendam ecclesiam

*LIII. Missa in dedicatione baptisterii

†CIV. De gradibus romanae ecclesiae

†CIV. De gradibus romanae ecclesiae

†CIV. De gradibus romanae ecclesiae

*CXV. Ad succurrendum his qui a demonio vexantur

*CXXIV. Reconciliatio rebaptizati ab hereticis

*CXXV. Oratio super eos qui morticinum comederunt

*CXXVI. Benedictio cum impositione manuum super eos qui de diversis heresibus veniunt

*CXXVII. Reconcilio cum impositione manuum redeuntis a paganis

*CLXXVIII. Oratio in monasterio

*CLXXIX. Oratio in atrio

*CCLIV. Item actio nuptialis ad annualem diem nuptiarum

*CCLV. Oratio in natali genuino

*CCLVI. Oratio pro parturiente

*CCLVII. Oratio ad missam pro sterilitate mulierum

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17

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

43

41

42

48

44

45

46

47

24

25

26

27

28

29

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

66

67

68

65

69

70

71

72

74

73

75

76

77

78

79

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

99

94

95

96

97

98

100

101

102

103

104

105

1

2

7

4

5

8

3

6

9

10

14

15

16

17

18

19

24

20

21

22

23

11

12

13

25

26

27

29

30

28

31

32

3

4

5

15

2

7

8

9

10

11

12

14

16

17

80

81

83

85

82

86

78

79

74

75

76

77

84

54

55

56

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

18

19

20

21

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

69

70

71

73

72

87

88

58

59

60

61

62

64

65

66

67

68

63

1

6

177

178

176

99

98

101

102

103

104

105

106

107

108

93

94

95

96

89

90

91

92

113

114

115

116

97

117

118

119

120

121

122

123

124

125

126

127

128

129

130

131

132

133

134

135

136

137

138

139

140

141

142

143

144

145

146

147

148

153

149

150

151

155

156

159

160

157

161

162

164

168

158

167

165

166

163

169

170

171

152

57

154

173

174

175

172

13

22

33

100

109

110

111

112

41

42

43

44

31

32

33

34

36

37

38

39

40

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

56

53

54

55

58

59

60

61

62

63

57

84

64

65

66

67

71

72

73

75

76

77

78

81

74

80

28

68

69

82

83

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

25

26

27

24

29

30

2

4

5

6

7

8

3

1

35

85

70

79

The Vogel/Elze PRG edition is a modern creation which tries to account for a medieval textual tradition. Strictly speaking, the edition is not fully representative of surviving manuscripts of the tradition, nor does it fully correspond to the hypotheses of Michel Andrieu, as expounded in Les Ordines Romani du haut moyen âge, 5 vols, Spicilegium sacrum Lovaniense 11, 23, 24, 28 & 29 (Louvain, 1931-61).

This database therefore makes no claims to represent a medieval phenomenon. It is designed purely to complement the modern edition, although it offers advances insofar as mistakes have been corrected, certain features of transmission have been clarified (in particular, the presence of duplicated and fragmented chapters), and manuscript J, previously a partial witness, has been collated fully.

Users of the PRG Database should bear in mind the following key points:

  • The edition is an artificial synthesis of nine complete sources, of varied chronology and geography, and it is based on no one primary source, although the editors accorded preference to sources C and B, as well as to certain elements of source T
  • There survive at least thirty more manuscripts of the 'PRG' textual tradition than are represented in the edition
  • Many of the manuscripts listed have textual recensions which do not comfortably fit into the edition. In other words, the 'concordance' indicated here by the rows of the table is no guarantee of textual equivalence
  • The edition does not always convey every text in a manuscript, and the policy of retension and exclusion is inconsistent

When turned on, the 'relative size' option is designed to give a rough impression of the content of a chapter, subject to a realistic minimum size for each row.

For a better sense of the limitations of this edition, see my article 'Questioning the authority of Vogel and Elze's Pontifical Romano-Germanique', in Sarah Hamilton and Helen Gittos (eds), Understanding Medieval Liturgy: Essays in Interpretation (Ashgate, forthcoming)

Dr Henry Parkes
c/o Yale Institute of Sacred Music
New Haven, CT

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